Hops are the female flowers (also called seed cones or strobiles) of the hop plant, Humulus lupulus.
All grains will be milled when ordered for your convienence. If you wish your grains unmilled, please mention it in the message section at checkout.
There is a very wide variety of grains, cereals and extracts that can be used for the brewing process. Barley itself has favorable attributes for brewing, such as susceptibility to mold and fungus, plus its high percentage of convertible sugars, and that is why that it is the most widely used grain around the world.
Barley is not alone, however, in the brewing process. Wheat is a popular front runner as far as use around the world. You may have noticed that Budweiser uses rice as one of its ingredients. They claim its adds crispness to the finish. In Africa sorghum is used. Other comparable ingredients that are readily available include maize and oatmeal. These cereals have different properties that can be used to provide cheaper sources of extract, add color, and can also prolong the shelf life of the packaged product.
To make brewing easier and quicker, you can use malt extract in place of base grains. Malt extracts are the result of the malting process as described above, but with an extra step. To create the extract, the sugars are removed from the grain by sparging and the resultant mixture is called sweet wort. Using extracts eliminates the need for mashing or mini-mashing and sparging. Malt extracts come in two forms: dry and liquid. Dry malt extract (DME) is a powder form of what you would get if you did a mash yourself. All the water has been removed in a process called spray drying. Liquid extract has about 80% of the water removed. It is very thick and syrupy or almost gelatinous in texture. In essence, with extracts, you are just rehydrating the sweet wort to get back to the pre-dried state.
Yeast are small single cell organisms. It is everywhere you can imagine. When making beer the yeast we are referring to is Saccharomyces cerevisiae for ales and Saccharomyces uvarum for lagers. There are many strains of this yeast to obtain different flavor profiles. There are other types of yeast and bacteria that one can use in brewing. Lambic styles call for some different bacteria that wouldn't normally be used in making beer, thus lending the sour taste that lambics are known for. Yeast can be purchased in dry or liquid suspension forms. The liquid yeast gives the brewer more control over the flavor profile. You can also culture your own yeast from starters or obtained from other beers.
Ale yeast, which is top fermenting, tends to make a soft or sometimes fruity beer, while lager yeast, which is bottom fermenting, can make it dry and crisp. Ales ferment at higher temperatures (66 - 74° F) than do lagers (45 - 65° F). The lower temperature prevents the fruity flavors from being absorbed.
You may find some discrepancies in the yeast names. In some places the name Saccharomyces carlsbergensis is used. This is just an older name for Saccharomyces uvarum. In other places, you may not see either the calsbergenesis or uvarum names. Recently the powers that be did some regrouping of the names and put them together under cerevisiae.
As yeast feeds on the sugars in the wort they reproduce. After fermentation starts a layer of foam will be present in the fermenting vessel. This will soon turn into a rocky, dirty looking head that can vary in size. A lot of carbon dioxide is being produced and if the fermenter is not able to expel this it can explode. A blow off tube may be a good idea if you have high gravity wort.
There are variety additional ingridiants that can be added to the brewing process. Ingridiants such as spices, herbs, Sugars, chemicals an enzymes they all can contribute to adding character and help to achive the desired results.
At Centennial Homebrewing Supplies, we carry a large assortment of equipment and accessories.
Syphon rods and hoses
Brushes and cleaning supplies
CO2 Tank exchanges
Come down to the store to check out all the gear, as these items are available to purchase IN STORE ONLY.
These recipes all make 23 litres of beer and are available for download to your collection. Click on the link under "Attachments" in order to view the recipe. Clich "Add To Cart" in order to purchase. All grains will be crushed together. (Unless otherwise specified)
At Centennial Homebrewing Supplies we offer a variety of wine kits for the beginner and experienced wine maker. Our selection includes North American and International varieties. The following are some of the varieties that are currently in stock. Come into the store to see all the current selections.
Introduce yourself to Centennial Homebrewing Supplies.
Another video for experienced brewers...
A "How To" video for making beer from malt extract
At Centennial Homebrewing, we have access to all the distilling hardware and ingrediants you need, to make great tasting spirits at home. Come by the store and check out the extensive catalog.